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有色金属(冶炼部分):2021,(10):139-148
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临淄齐故城小城西门西侧夯土遗址出土冶金遗物初步研究
代全龙1, 董文斌1, 邹桂森2, 李延祥3,3
(1.山东省文物考古研究院;2.广西民族大学科技史与科技文化研究院;3.北京科技大学科技史与文化遗产研究院)
Preliminary Study on Metallurgical Relics Unearthed from Rammed Earth Ruins on West Side of West Gate of Small Town of Linzi City Site of the Qi State
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投稿时间:2021-06-12    修订日期:2021-06-30
中文摘要: 采用能量色散型X射线荧光光谱仪(ED-XRF)、扫描电子显微镜能谱仪(SEM-EDS)等分别对临淄齐故城小城西门西侧夯土遗址出土冶金遗物的基体成分、金属颗粒及物相进行科学分析。初步研究结果表明,炉渣均为还原渣,系使用含硫铜铅矿石进行火法冶炼并配以锡料,利用冶炼过程中液态分层的上层浇铸得到高铅的铅锡青铜铸币,下层高铅合金可使用凝析法生产金属铅与铅锡青铜。本研究初步揭示了该遗址通过冶炼活动生产铅青铜并配以锡料直接浇铸获取高铅青铜铸币的冶金行为,为进一步挖掘该遗址的冶金内涵,重建该遗址的铸造工艺及生产链提供了重要的线索,同时对认识中国古代铸币金属史的发展具有十分重要的意义。
Abstract:Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (ED-XRF) and Scanning Electron Microscope Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (SEM-EDS) were used to analysis matrix composition, metal particles and phases of metallurgical relics unearthed from rammed earth ruins on west side of west gate of small town of Linzi City Site of the Qi state. Preliminary research results show that type of slag is all reduced slag, which uses sulfur-containing copper-lead ore for pyrometallurgical smelting and is equipped with tin material. Liquid layered upper layer during smelting process is cast to obtain high-lead lead-tin bronze coin, and the lower layer is high-lead. The alloy can use condensate method to produce metallic lead and lead-tin bronze. This research initially reveals nature of metallurgical activities of the site to produce lead bronze through smelting activities and directly cast with tin material to obtain high-lead bronze coins, which provides for further excavation of metallurgical connotation of the site and reconstruction of the site’s casting process and production chain. The important clues are also very important for understanding development of ancient Chinese coinage metallurgical history.
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基金项目:广西自然科学基金资助项目(2020GXNSFAA297210);国家重点研发计划项目(2020YFC1521606);山东大学人文社科重大项目(21RWZD05)
引用文本:
代全龙,董文斌,邹桂森,李延祥.临淄齐故城小城西门西侧夯土遗址出土冶金遗物初步研究[J].有色金属(冶炼部分),2021(10):139-148.
DAI Quan-long,DONG Wen-bin,ZOU Gui-sen,LI Yan-xiang.Preliminary Study on Metallurgical Relics Unearthed from Rammed Earth Ruins on West Side of West Gate of Small Town of Linzi City Site of the Qi State[J].Nonferrous Metals (Extractive Metallurgy),2021(10):139-148.

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